Adam Erlandsson: Spectral sequences for composite functors
Masters thesis seminar
Tid: Ti 2023-03-21 kl 13.00 - 14.00
Medverkande: Adam Erlandsson, Tilman Bauer
Spectral sequences were developed during the mid-twentieth century as a way of computing (co)homology, and have wide uses in both algebraic topology and algebraic geometry.
Grothendieck introduced in his Tôhoku paper the Grothendieck spectral sequence, which given left exact functors $F$ and $G$ between abelian categories, uses the right-derived functors of $F$ and $G$ as initial data and converges to the right-derived functors of the composition $G\circ F.$
This thesis focuses on instead constructing a spectral sequence that uses the derived functors of $G$ and $G\circ F$ as initial data and converges to the derived functors of $F.$ Our approach takes inspiration from the construction of the Eilenberg-Moore spectral sequence, which given a fibration of topological spaces can calculate the singular cohomology of the fiber from the singular cohomology of the base space and total space. The Eilenberg-Moore spectral sequence can be constructed through the use of differential graded algebras and their bar construction, since this defines a double complex for which the column-wise filtration of the corresponding total complex induces the spectral sequence.
The correct analogue of this with respect to composite functors is the bar construction for monads. Specifically, we let $G$ have an exact left adjoint $H$, which makes $G\circ H$ into a monad. Then, we extend our adjunction so that the derived functor $RG$ has left adjoint $RH$ in the corresponding derived categories, making $RG\circ RH$ into a monad. This allows us to apply the bar construction in the derived category, but we show that there emerge issues in obtaining a double complex and subsequent total complex from this construction.
Additionally, we present the essential theory of spectral sequences in general, and of the Serre, Eilenberg-Moore and Grothendieck spectral sequences in particular.